Definition of "Tax reform act of 1986"
Legislation to eliminate most tax shelters and write-offs in exchange for lower rates for both corporation and individuals. It was intended to be revenue neutral; that is, to bring in the same amount of revenue as the previous law.
- For individuals, it eliminated deductions for most tax shelters such as tax-advantaged limited partnerships; it eliminated special treatment for capital gains by taxing them at the same rate as ordinary income.
- Deductions for an INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT (IRA) no longer applied to those with incomes above $35,000 and couples above$50,000 unless they had no company pension plan. Individuals with incomes between $25,000 and $35,000 and couples between$40,000 and $50,000 got a partial deduction.
- For company-sponsored 401 (k) salary reduction plans, the maximum annual limit was reduced from $30,000 to $7000; antidiscrimination rules were tightened; and a 10% penalty was imposed for withdrawals before age 59/2.
- Other administrative changes made it more expensive for companies to start or maintain a company pension plan.
- CASH VALUE LIFE INSURANCE was one of the few retirement vehicles to retain its tax-deferred status.
- Top individual tax rates were reduced from a series of rates going up to 50% to two rates: 15% and 28%, although the top marginalrate was 33%.
- The top corporate rate down from 46% to 34%.
- The investment tax credit was eliminated and depreciation schedules were lengthened.
- Many industries lost special advantages they held under the old code.
- The alternative minimum tax was stiffened for individuals and one was added for corporations.
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