Definition of "Top-heavy plan"

Kimberly Farrell real estate agent
Kimberly Farrell, Real Estate Agent Keller Williams Realty

Pension or other employee benefit plan that favors highly compensated employees or top executives or owners of a company. Prior to the tax reform act of 1986, there was no uniform definition of a "highly compensated" employee, but that law provides a specific definition that is used for qualified pension plans, 401 (k) plans, and some other employee benefits. An employee is considered highly compensated if he or she: (1) directly or indirectly owns more than a 5% interest in the company, (2) receives compensation from the company of more than $75,000, (3) is paid more than $50,000 and was among the top 20% of employees ranked by compensation, or (4) is at any time an officer and receives compensation that was more than 150% of the Section 415 defined-contribution dollar amount.

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