Definition of "Captive insurance company"
Company formed to insure the risks of its parent corporation. Reasons for forming a captive insurance company include:
- Instances when insurance cannot be purchased from commercial insurance companies for a business risk. In many instances companies within an industry form a joint captive insurance company for that reason.
- Premiums paid to a captive insurance company are deductible as a business expense for tax purposes according to the InternalRevenue Service. However, sums set aside in a self insurance program are not deductible as a business expense.
- Insurance can be obtained through the international reinsurance market at a more favorable premium, with higher limits of cover age.
- Investment returns can be obtained directly on its invested capital.
However, competent personnel to manage and staff the company could be excessively expensive; and further, a catastrophic occurrence or series of occurrences could bankrupt the company.
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