Excuses raised by a defendant in a negligent suit (unintentional tort). There are three basic defenses to unintentional torts or negligence.
ASSUMPTION OF RISK an individual (plaintiff), by not objecting to the negligent conduct of another, acknowledges awareness of the present danger and consents to it.
CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE both individuals have contributed to an injury or property damage sustained by one or both individuals.Under this circumstance neither should be allowed to collect from the other.
COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE where both plaintiff and defendant contributed to plaintiff's injury, the apportionment of some fault to the plaintiff reduces the liability of the defendant.