What Is The NAR Lawsuit Regarding Commission?

Definition of "What is the NAR lawsuit regarding commission?"

Natalie  Amento, PA real estate agent

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Natalie Amento, PAelite badge icon


The NAR Commission lawsuit has recently shaken the U.S. real estate industry and could potentially reshape the market. But what exactly is the NAR lawsuit regarding commission?

In a landmark decision, a Missouri court recently found the National Association of Realtors (NAR) and two major brokerage firms liable for $1.8 billion in damages for allegedly conspiring to inflate real estate commissions artificially. The verdict, which involved NAR, HomeServices of America, and Keller Williams Realty, could have far-reaching implications for the real estate industry, potentially reshaping how homes are bought and sold. The NAR Commission lawsuit holds the spotlight, with everyone asking about the verdict’s implications.  

The Allegations

At the heart of the Real Estate Commission lawsuit was the plaintiff's argument that NAR's practices compelled home sellers to pay inflated commissions divided between their and buyer's agents. The contention was that the commission-sharing requirement for access to the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) was unjust, keeping commissions artificially high.

When a home is listed for sale, the seller offers their broker a predetermined commission, often hovering around 6% of the sale price, with a standard 3% split for the buyer's and seller's agents. The homesellers contended that in a competitive market, the burden of the buyer's agent's commission should be borne by the buyer, not the seller, allowing buyers to negotiate fees directly with their agent.

NAR's Defense

In response, NAR and other defendants argued that their commissions were negotiable and justified having the seller's agent split the commission with the buyer's agent. They claimed this structure eased the financial burden on buyers already grappling with various expenses such as down payments, closing costs, inspections, and appraisals.

The Verdict's Implications

Consumer advocates hailed the court's decision as a victory for homeowners, hoping it would lead to reforms in how real estate commissions are structured. The potential impact of the verdict goes beyond the $1.8 billion in damages, with experts suggesting that the award could grow to a staggering $5 billion, depending on subsequent court decisions.

After only a few hours of deliberation, the jury's swift decision underscores the belief that the real estate industry has curtailed price competition, resulting in almost uniform 5%-6% commissions. Advocates like Stephen Brobeck, a senior fellow at the Consumer Federation of America, hope the court will order changes in how commissions are structured, severing ties between listing and buyer agent compensation.

The Future of Real Estate Commissions

While NAR and the implicated brokerages have vowed to appeal the verdict, the ruling marks a significant setback for NAR, battling antitrust allegations and litigation for years. The outcome of this case could influence other ongoing lawsuits against NAR, including scrutiny from the U.S. Department of Justice.

However, agents say not much is anticipated to change soon concerning commission structure. The verdict may have the longer-term effect of separating the buyer's agent commission from the seller's agent commission. The buyer-broker commission rule and, eventually, the practice of listing agents and sellers setting and paying buyer agent commissions are likely to be eliminated by the NAR litigation and related government action, according to analysts from the investment banking firm Keefe, Bruyette & Woods in a report released before the verdict.


The NAR commission lawsuit represents a turning point in the real estate industry, challenging established practices and potentially reshaping how homes are bought and sold. As the legal battle unfolds, the implications of this verdict could extend well beyond the immediate damages, influencing future business practices and regulations in the real estate sector. The real estate landscape might be on the brink of transformation, with homeowners, buyers, and industry professionals eagerly watching for the next chapter in this unfolding legal saga.

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