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Collateral Borrower

Definition of "Collateral borrower"

Individual who assigns rights to a benefit. For example, a life insurance policy may be assigned as security for a loan made by the borrower. The policy protects the collateral creditor (assignee) if the borrower does not pay the loan when due. If a loan remains unpaid at the death of an insured, the loan balance is subtracted from the death benefit and paid to the creditor, with the balance going to the insured's beneficiary. On the other hand, if the insured (the borrower) does not pay the loan when due, the creditor can withdraw the amount due from the cash value of the policy. When a loan is repaid, the assignment ends and the policy owner is again vested with all rights to the policy.

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